the Context

Swiss referendums, 2018

A referendum to give national law precedence over international law fails.

Brexit negotiations

European Union leaders approve the proposed Brexit deal, at a summit in Brussels.

Theresa May says she agrees with EU officials that this "is the best and only deal possible".

Cannabis in South Korea

South Korea becomes the first East Asian country to legalize medical cannabis.

According to anti-drug laws in force in South Korea, the country's citizens who smoke, possess, buy, or sell cannabis face imprisonment of up to 5 years or are obligated to pay a fine of up to 100,000 million Korean won (around $88,000). Despite the existing legislation, South Korean authorities approved the medical use of cannabis this week.

Mexico–United States relations

The San Ysidro Port of Entry, the largest border crossing on the Mexico–United States border, is closed after U.S. border patrol agents fire tear gas at asylum-seeking Central American migrants attempting to enter into the United States. The events were triggered by Mexican police breaking up a migrant protest, resulting in a rush toward the border.

Quangang District

The chemical spill accident in Quangang District, Quanzhou, China on November 4 is found to be 10 times worse than initially reported. According to the government of Quanzhou, the actual leak of C9 aromatics was 69.1 tonnes instead of 6.97 tonnes understated by the Fujian Donggang Petrochemical Company. Several officials of Quangang District have been suspended from their posts and seven company employees have been arrested by the police in connection with the cover-up.

Camp Fire

Two more bodies are found in Paradise and one in nearby Magalia, raising the death toll to 85. Another 249 people are still missing.

After two and a half weeks of historic destruction, the Camp Fire in Northern California is 100% contained, but the search for remains threatens to push the death toll over 85, where it stood early Sunday.


A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near Sarpol-e Zahab, Iran, and close to the Iraqi border. A person died in Iraq while more than 700 others are injured.

It struck in the same western province that saw an earthquake kill more than 600 people last year.


At least 21 people have died, 180 have been injured and tens of thousands have been displaced by heavy rains that have affected Iraq.

Though Iraq is one of the hottest countries on earth but when heavy rains hit the middle-East region, they can result in casualties because of deteriorating public infrastructure.

An attack

An emergency National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine meeting is convened in response to the Russian blockade of the Kerch Strait and the seizure of its vessels, after which President Petro Poroshenko says he will ask the Verkhovna Rada to support a declaration of martial law in Ukraine. The parliament is set to have an emergency meeting at 4 p.m. local time on November 26.

An attack

Russia stops three Ukrainian Navy vessels from passing under the Kerch Strait Bridge by blocking it with a cargo ship. Russia claims they violated her territorial waters and ignored warnings. The navy vessels and their crews are seized after shots were fired. Russia says three Ukrainians were wounded. According to Ukraine, six of their sailors are wounded. Ukraine denies their ships did anything wrong.

Russia stopped three Ukrainian navy vessels from entering the Sea of Azov via th...