the Context

São Toméan legislative election, 2018

The ruling Independent Democratic Action (ADI) under Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada loses its absolute majority in the National Assembly.

The center-right Independent Democratic Action (ADI) party which has been in power since 2014, won the legislative elections, but with only 25 of the 55 seats in the Assembly - against 33 previously.

Romanian constitutional referendum, 2018

A referendum on changing the constitutional definition of a family is invalidated, as voter turnout announced by the Central Electoral Bureau is 20.41%, 10% under the validation threshold.

Brazilian general election, 2018

Far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro falls short of a majority in the first round with 46% of the vote and will face Fernando Haddad, who received 29%, in a runoff vote set for October 28.

Jair Bolsonaro has won a convincing victory in the Brazil presidential election, but has fallen short of a majority leading to a second round of voting later in October Full story: Jair Bolsonaro wins Brazil vote but not outright victory

Brazilian general election, 2018

Brazilians elect a new president (first round), state governors and parliaments.

Brazilians go to the polls today in the first round of presidential elections.

Cameroonian presidential election, 2018

Voters in Cameroon head to the polls. Incumbent President Paul Biya seeks a seventh term to his 36-year rule.

Polls opened in Cameroon on Sunday for an election widely expected to extend the...

2018 attacks on Hindi-speaking migrants in Gujarat

A total of 342 people have been arrested for attacking Hindi-speaking migrants in the Indian state of Gujarat. The new wave of violence was prompted by the arrest of a non-Gujarati for the alleged rape of a 14-month-old baby a week prior.

Non-Gujaratis were targeted and hate messages circulated against them on social media after a native of Bihar was arrested for allegedly raping a toddler.

Chinese Communist Party

The Communist Party of China announces that Interpol president Meng Hongwei is suspected of violating the law and is "under the supervision" of a party anticorruption watchdog. Hours later, Interpol announces that it has received his resignation.

A statement on the website of a Chinese anti-graft organization said Meng Hongwei was being investigated. It came after his wife said he had sent her an image of a knife, signaling he was in danger.

Viktoria Marinova

Police announce that investigative journalist Viktoria Marinova was found murdered yesterday in a park in Ruse, Bulgaria. Marinova's latest work was on "GPgate", a scandal involving alleged corruption and abuse of European Union subsidies in Bulgaria.

A Bulgarian TV reporter has been found dead in a northern border city and authorities say they are investigating into whether it was a random crime or was connected to her reporting work.

Hurricane Michael

Six people in Honduras, four in Nicaragua and three in El Salvador died after heavy floods triggered by Hurricane Michael affected Central America. Several others are injured and at least one is missing.

The north-eastern Gulf coast faces a life-threatening storm surge, high winds and heavy rainfall.

2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami

The Indonesia's disaster agency confirms the deaths of 1,944 people in the double earthquake and tsunami. 5,000 people are still missing and presumed dead.

Nearly 2000 bodies have been recovered from Palu since an earthquake and tsunami struck the Indonesian city, an official said Monday, warning the number would rise with thousands still missing.

2018 Barkan Industrial Park shooting

A 23-year-old Palestinian opens fire and kills two Israelis, seriously wounding a third inside the Barkan Industrial Park on the West Bank. The gunman, who had worked at the factory where the shooting took place, fled the scene and remains at large.

The Israeli military says a Palestinian attacker has opened fire inside a joint Israeli-Palestinian industrial zone in the West Bank, killing two Israelis and seriously wounding a third before fleeing the scene

War in Afghanistan

Afghan officials say that the Taliban destroyed highway bridges in Maidan Wardak Province, cutting off road traffic between the capital Kabul and the provinces of Ghazni, Zabul and Kandahar. Electricity was cut off in four provinces, and fighting was reported in Ghazni Province. At least ten Afghan police officers were killed. Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in two weeks.

An Afghan official says the Taliban have destroyed a highway bridge southwest of Kabul during a wide-ranging assault on security forces, cutting off road traffic between the capital and three provinces